Dr. André Zenner

Post-Doctoral Researcher


Research Interests

Virtual RealityAugmented RealityHaptic FeedbackPsychophysicsIllusion TechniquesRedirection Techniques



Winter 2019/2020:

Winter 2018/2019:

Winter 2017/2018:

Summer 2017:

  • Proseminar: Einführung in 3D User Interfaces

Winter 2016/2017:

  • Seminar: Virtual Reality: Theory & Practice


Open B.Sc. / M.Sc. Thesis Topics

If you are interested in doing a Bachelor's or Master's thesis in my area of interest, feel free to contact me.
I am also open to topic suggestions.


Ongoing Supervised Theses


Finished Supervised Theses


  • 2023 - Anna Kiehn
    Exploration of Story Data Visualization Techniques [external thesis]
  • 2022 - Akhmajon Makhsadov - supervised together with Donald Degaren
    VRySmart: Multipurpose Integration of Smart Devices in Virtual Reality
  • 2021 - Tim Düwel
    Generating Optimized Construction Plans for LEGO Duplo-based Dynamic Passive Haptic Feedback
  • 2020 - Fajar Setyo Nugroho - supervised together with Tanja Schneeberger
    [external thesis in collaboration with Daimler Protics GmbH]
  • 2020 - Andreas Thieser - supervised together with Tanja Schneeberger
    VR Presentation Coach - A Virtual Reality Public Speaking Training Framework
  • 2017 - Dominic Gottwalles
    Eingabe diskreter numerischer Werte in Virtual Reality [PDF][Award]
    [external thesis in collaboration with Centigrade GmbH]


  • 2024 - Tobias Schneider - supervised together with Tim Düwel
    Advanced Haptic Feedback for the Gravity Gloves Interaction
  • 2023 - Chiara Karr
    Investigating the Role of Saccade Direction for Saccadic Hand Redirection in Virtual Reality
  • 2023 - Simon Seibert - supervised together with Martin Feick
    The Impact of Avatar Completeness on the Detectability of Hand Redirection in Virtual Reality
  • 2022 - Kristin Ullmann
    Triggering Eye Blinks in Virtual Reality [PDF]
  • 2020 - Kora Regitz
    Leveraging Blink Suppression for Hand Redirection in Virtual Reality
  • 2020 - Hannah Kriegler
    A Toolkit for Hand Redirection in Virtual Reality
  • 2019 - Corinna Tasch - supervised together with Felix Kosmalla
    Foot Tracking in Mixed Reality Climbing Environments
  • 2018 - Julien Schuh - supervised together with Christian Lander
    Head-mounted Augmented Reality Productlens




Overview & Toolkits

  • The Staircase Procedure Toolkit: Psychophysical Detection Threshold Experiments Made Easy
    André Zenner, Kristin Ullmann, Chiara Karr, Oscar Ariza (Universität Hamburg), Antonio Krüger

  • Haptic Proxies for Virtual Reality: Success Criteria and Taxonomy
    Niels C. Nilsson (Aalborg University Copenhagen, Denmark), André Zenner (Saarland University & DFKI, Germany), Adalberto L. Simeone (KU Leuven, Belgium), Donald Degraen (Saarland University & DFKI, Germany), Florian Daiber (DFKI, Germany)


Dynamic Passive Haptic Feedback


Hand Redirection (& Related Research)


Combining Dynamic Passive Haptic Feedback & Hand Redirection


Passive Haptic Feedback

  • Touching the Moon: Leveraging Passive Haptics, Embodiment and Presence for Operational Assessments in Virtual Reality 
    Florian Dufresne (Arts et Métiers Institute of Technology), Tommy Nilsson (European Space Agency),  Geoffrey Gorisse (Arts et Métiers Institute of Technology), Enrico Guerra (University Duisburg-Essen), André Zenner, Olivier Christmann (Arts et Métiers Institute of Technology), Leonie Bensch (German Aerospace Center), Nikolai Anton Callus (European Space Agency), Aidan Cowley (European Space Agency)

  • Smart Devices as Proxy Objects for Virtual Reality Position Paper
    Akhmajon Makhsadov, Donald Degraen, André Zenner, Florian Daiber
  • A Virtual Reality Couch Configurator Leveraging Passive Haptic Feedback
    André Zenner, Felix Kosmalla, Jan Ehrlich, Philip Hell, Gerrit Kahl, Christian Murlowski, Marco Speicher, Florian Daiber, Daniel Heinrich, Antonio Krüger
  • The Importance of Virtual Hands and Feet for Virtual Reality Climbing
    Felix Kosmalla, André Zenner, Corinna Tasch, Florian Daiber, Antonio Krüger
  • Investigating Weight Distribution in Virtual Reality Proxy Interaction
    André Zenner
    • Master's Thesis [PDF]



  • Audio-based Vibrotactile Feedback in Multimodal VR Interactions
    Oscar Ariza (Universität Hamburg), Felix Steiner (Universität Hamburg), André Zenner, Frank Steinicke (Universität Hamburg)
  • Continuous VR Weight Illusion by Combining Adaptive Trigger Resistance and Control-Display Ratio Manipulation
    Carolin Stellmacher, André Zenner, Oscar Javier Ariza Nunez, Ernst Kruijff, Johannes Schöning
  • Holitouch: Conveying Holistic Touch Illusions by Combining Pseudo-Haptics With Tactile and Proprioceptive Feedback During Virtual Interaction With 3DUIs
    Oscar Javier Ariza Nunez, André Zenner, Frank Steinicke, Florian Daiber, Antonio Krüger


Immersive Process Models (with Passive Haptic Feedback)


Involving Virtual Reality Bystanders

  • Addressing Bystander Exclusion in Shared Spaces During Immersive Virtual Experiences
    André Zenner, Donald Degraen, Antonio Krüger
  • A Projection-Based Interface to Involve Semi-Immersed Users in Substitutional Realities
    André Zenner, Felix Kosmalla, Marco Speicher, Florian Daiber, Antonio Krüger


Immersive Virtual Reality Notifications

  • Immersive Notification Framework: Adaptive & Plausible Notifications in Virtual Reality
    André Zenner, Marco Speicher, Sören Klingner, Donald Degraen, Florian Daiber, Antonio Krüger


Walking in Room-Scale Virtual Reality

  • Towards Sneaking as a Playful Input Modality for Virtual Environments
    Sebastian Cmentowski (University of Duisburg-Essen, Germany), Andrey Krekhov (University of Duisburg-Essen, Germany), André Zenner (Saarland University & DFKI, Germany), Daniel Kucharski (University of Duisburg-Essen, Germany), Jens Krüger (University of Duisburg-Essen, Germany, & University of Utah, USA)
  • The Space Bender: Supporting Natural Walking via Overt Manipulation of the Virtual Environment
    Adalberto L. Simeone (KU Leuven, Belgium), Niels C. Nilsson (Aalborg University Copenhagen, Denmark), André Zenner (DFKI, Germany), Marco Speicher (DHfPG, Germany), Florian Daiber (DFKI, Germany)


Ambient Feedback

  • Ambient Living Media as Haptic Proxy Interfaces for Virtual Reality
    Donald Degraen, Marc Schubhan, Felix Kosmalla, André Zenner, Florian Daiber
  • AmbiPlant - Ambient Feedback for Digital Media through Actuated Plants
    Donald Degraen, Marc Schubhan, Kamila Mushkina, Akhmajon Makhsadov, Felix Kosmalla, André Zenner, Antonio Krüger


Committee Memberships & Reviewing

I served as General Chair of the ACM Symposium on Spatial User Interaction (ACM SUI) 2024 in Trier, Germany.

I acted as a member in the following academic committees:

I have reviewed for the following conferences and journals:

Publications ()